Frequently Asked Questions


Vertical balers

A vertical baler is hydraulic industrial equipment used to compress and bale cardboard, plastic, non-ferrous metals, shrink wrap. Rectangular bales of different formats are extremely compact and dense. The purpose of baling is to valorize these materials in order to optimize transport costs with less air and more material. Important note: a vertical press cannot bale garments for export.

Click here to see the IBV1010 vertical press in action.

Different models of vertical balers are used for different types of recycling and can vary depending on the needs and volume of each of our customers. The space on the site of operations is often to be taken into consideration. A short call to one of our advisers will be able to properly guide you towards the solution of a vertical press suitable for your organization. Important note: a vertical press cannot bale garments for export.

Recycled materials can be recovered and some will be sold. Each bundle of cardboard, plastic, non-ferrous metals or shrink wrap could generate potential revenue for your organization. Recycled materials are expensive to landfill and must be kept to a minimum to preserve the health of our planet. By removing recycled content from your waste stream, you reduce the weight and frequency of waste that is collected, reducing your ultimate waste disposal costs. Consult the rest of these frequently asked questions to learn more about our products. Make a free appointment with one of our Industek expert consultants.

Installation should be done by a professional. Industek will provide you with a turnkey installation solution. Our experienced team of installation experts will inspect your site to ensure it is a good match for your equipment configuration, then schedule the delivery and installation of your unit when the time is right. Our expertise goes far beyond manufacturing. Consult the rest of these frequently asked questions to learn more about our products.

Yes and it is very important. During the installation process, our installers will show you how to use your baler. Each baler also comes with an instruction manual. You must also ensure that you comply with the measures and directives of each company and province.

Our vertical balers are designed for many years of trouble-free operation and come with a standard 2-year parts and labor warranty. Preventative maintenance programs are available. Industek also offers repair services for all makes and models of vertical presses. Consult the rest of these frequently asked questions to learn more about our products.

This is the ratio by which a baler will reduce the volume of your recyclable material.

It depends on 3 factors

  • The type of material;
  • Total press force in PSI;
  • The management of the material in the press ie. carefully placed or simply thrown.

The average compaction rate of commercial cardboard (OCC: Old Corrugated Containers) in a press is 10 to 1 and up to 15 to 1. Example: You could press 10 to 15 pallets of bulk boxboard into a bale of an IBV1010 baler. The ratio will be even better for plastics and shrink wrap, you will be amazed. Avoid mixing your recyclables with each other. We strongly advise against inserting wet recyclables and/or other garbage into your press, e.g. wood, metal, earth and stones.

Your bundles must weigh at least 350 kg (770 lbs) for national rebreathers to take them into account.

Old packaging made of corrugated cardboard (occ) #11

Consist of bales of old corrugated packaging made of linerboard or special linerboard (testliner) containing 100% recycled material.

Prohibited materials

Any material whose presence in quantity greater than the permitted limit would render the lot unusable for the specified category. Any material that may damage the equipment. Any recovered and sorted pre-processing paper must be free of food debris, medical or hazardous waste as well as toxic substances and other harmful substances or liquids*.

The recycler's plant reserves the right to reject the bundles if the content of these materials is greater than 1%:

  • metal in all its forms, excluding staples on corrugated cardboard boxes
  • plastic, including bags and bottles
  • glass
  • wood
  • rubber
  • wet-strength paper
  • newsprint and magazines
  • cardboard covered with polyethylene
  • boxes, containers or waxed paper


All papers that have been manufactured or treated in such a way as to be unfit for consumption for the specified grade of paper*

The factory reserves the right to reject the bundles if the rejects (including prohibited materials) are greater than 5%:

  • old packaging made of cardboard from Asia
  • cartons for boxes
  • stationery

Other specifications: Humidity: 8% maximum (+/- 2%)*

Containers that have been in contact with toxic or deleterious substances will be refused.

For example :

  1. Fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, pesticides, rodenticides or containers contaminated with these substances.
  2. Chemical bags or containers that may have contained and absorbed questionable chemicals, including but not limited to the heavy metal compounds of antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, mercury, selenium, silver and zinc.
  3. Toxic, carcinogenic and potentially carcinogenic materials such as dyes, formaldehyde, PCBs or phenol resins, pigments, etc., are not included.

If any of the above materials are detected in the bundles, the entire shipment will be rejected and any subsequent shipments will be held until the recycler is confident enough that such a situation will not reoccur.

subject to updated industry standards

* Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. Scrap Specifications Circular, 2016.



A compactor is heavy-duty industrial equipment used to compact waste to reduce the number of times a collector has to pick up and empty your waste container. By reducing the frequency of waste collections, you can reduce the amount of collection fees.

Generally, there are 2 types of materials that could be conveyed through a compactor: wet waste and dry waste.

Dry waste is dry materials such as paper, plastic and textiles that cannot be recycled and wood, iron and industrial production waste.

Wet waste includes wet materials such as liquid or semi-liquid food waste produced by grocery stores, restaurants, cafeterias or other type of industries.

This is the ratio by which a compactor will reduce the volume of your material

It depends on 3 factors:

  • The type of material: very dry or less humid
  • The total pressing force of the compactor in PSI
  • The type of compaction container

The average compaction rate for mixed waste in a compactor is 4 to 1. Example: You might expect to compact up to 160 cubic yards of loose mixed waste into a 40 cubic yard container.

Exceptions in the compaction ratio. Dry industrial waste consisting primarily of wooden pallets, furniture, concrete or large shipping boxes such as Gaylord Boxes can reduce the compaction ratio by up to 2 to 1. Climate also affects the compaction rate of a stationary or built-in compactor. Frozen garbage is more difficult to compact than wet garbage. Consider all of these variables before validating your estimates for compaction rate.

Wet waste must be compacted with an integrated compactor. These compactors allow wet waste and any liquid to be poured into the compactor. The integrated compactor is waterproof. When the compactor is full, a collector will pick up the entire compactor, empty it at a dedicated site, and bring it back empty to your location. You can include both dry and wet waste in an integrated compactor.


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